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Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is the heart of India as it is located in the centre point of the nation. The state is socially rich and like all other states of India, Madhya Pradesh too has its own excellence which is reflected from the bewildering view, multitudinous landmarks, lofty mountain ranges, vast plateau, winding streams and thick forests. Aside from endless variety of natural grandness, Madhya Pradesh is noted for its traditional classical and folk music.

Capital : Bhopal
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Bordered By :
Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan

UNESCO World Heritage Site in Madhya Pradesh:

1. Khajuraho Group of Monuments: Khajuraho is popular all over the world for its group of Hindu and Jain Temples which were designed in nagara style of architecture. The architectural designing of the temples has their own historical importance that shows a perfect harmony between the architecture and erotic sculptures of the temple. Devoted to two religions to be specific Hinduism and Jainism, the Khajuraho group of temples falls into three distinct categories (eastern, wetern and southern) which are now listed under World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. In short, the Khajuraho group of temples reflect the creativity and expressiveness of ancient Indian art at its best.

→Location: Madhya Pradesh, India
Built in: 950 AD to 1050 AD
Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 1986

2. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi: Sanchi is a renowned site famous for its outstanding specimen of Buddhist art and architecture. The stupas, temples, monks, monolithic Ashokan Pillars, erotic sculptures and monasteries contributed in together to make Sanchi an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Amongst them all, Sanchi Stupa is the one who always stands at first to honor Lord Buddha. Dating from the mid third century BC and the twelfth century AD, there are several other architectural marvels situated in the vicinity.

→Location: Madhya Pradesh, India
→Built in: 2nd and 1st centuries BC to the 12th century AD
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 1989

3. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetk: Situated in the state of Madhyapradesh in India, the Bhimbetka rock shelters recorded under UNESCO World Heritage Sites is believed to be found on Buddhist site. The name Bhimbetka was named on the name of one of the five Pandavas “Bhima”, who was the son of King Pandu in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. The structural representation of the caverns portrayed the artwork ranging from the Mesolithic Period right through to the historical period.

→Location: Madhya Pradesh, India
→Built in: 300,000 years
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 2003

The Bhimbetka rock shelters has been categorized on the basis of their style and architecture. These paintings and designing falls under seven different periods which are mentioned below.

Period I (Upper Paleolithic): In this period, an immense figures of animals like tigers, rhinoceroses and binsons were arranged in a straight mode in dim red and green shading.

Period II (Mesolithic): In this period, along with animal figures there are additionally figures of humans and the weapons like spiked lances, pointed sticks, bows and bolts. The depicted figures in this period are comparitively little in size and represents linear arrangement on the body. Here, once can see the portrayal of communal dance, musical instruments, pregnant ladies, fowls, moms and their kids, men conveying dead creatures, drinking and burials appear in rhythmic movement.

Period III (Chalcolithic): Amid this period, it is unmistakably representing that the cave dwellers of this zone were in contact with the horticultural groups of the Malwa fields, trading products with them. It is like the sketches of the Chalcolithic.

Period IV & V (Early historic): Amid these periods, the figures were painted in red, yellow and white shading, and were masterminded perfectly in a schematic and improving style. The affiliation is of riders, portrayal of religious images, tunic-like dresses and the presence of scripts of various periods. The figures of yakshas, tree gods and magical sky chariots showcased the religious convictions.

Period VI & VII (Medieval): During this period, the figures were made to be more schematic with a statement of degeneration and roughness in their creative style. To beautify these figures, a blend of colors like manganese, hematite and wooden coal were utilized by the cave dwellers.

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